Tuesday, July 28, 2020

Symptoms of Being High on Mephedrone

Symptoms of Being High on Mephedrone Addiction Addictive Behaviors Print Symptoms of Being High on Mephedrone By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Updated on February 21, 2020 Portra / Getty Images More in Addiction Addictive Behaviors Caffeine Internet Shopping Sex Alcohol Use Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery In This Article Table of Contents Expand Dosage and Duration of Intoxication Stimulant  Effects Entactogen Effects Cravings Withdrawal Related Effects View All Back To Top Mephedrone is a recent designer drug, commonly referred to as bath salts, and is one of the most popular recreationally used new psychoactive substances. Like MDMA, it shares similarities with stimulants and with hallucinogens, and psychopharmacological research indicates that it is similar to stimulant drugs, such as amphetamines.?? Although it has been popularized as a safer alternative, there are medical risks associated with this drug, and the risks are similar to those of amphetamines. Although new on the drug scene, there has been some limited research documenting the effects of mephedrone. This is what users say it feels like to get high on mephedrone. Dosage and Duration of Intoxication A study of 100 mephedrone users indicated that an average dose, of 97mg, with 500mg typically being consumed over the course of a drug-using session. The typical first session lasted for 6 hours, and other drugs were used in conjunction with mephedrone.  On this  first occasion of use,  participants reported drinking alcohol, using  cocaine,  taking  MDMA, smoking  cannabis,  and/or taking  ketamine.?? In subsequent sessions, most took 125mg intranasally by snorting, or orally. The injection is much less common but has been documented, sometimes with severe negative consequences.  These later experiences typically lasted 10 hours, during which 1000mg, with 60 minute breaks between dosages. Use of other substances continued to be the norm, and use took place in groups of ten or so.?? Stimulant  Effects The initial sensations associated with getting high on mephedrone are similar to those of other stimulant drugs, and include  â€˜self-confidence’, ‘buzzing’,  â€˜dizziness’ and ‘impaired concentration and memory’.  In another study, mephedrone users described  a pleasant mood, euphoria, ease, suppressed appetite, dry mouth, sharpened  perception, insomnia and increased energy occurring most of the time when on mephedrone.?? The stimulant and energizing effects of mephedrone, as with other stimulants, are often a motivator for users to take the drug. However, lack of sleep that accompanies the use of stimulants, including mephedrone, is well known, and include mental and physical problems, particularly after longer-term use. Entactogen Effects Entactogen effects add to the more straightforward feelings of stimulation and being wide-awake and energetic, with feelings of connection to self and others. This is described by users as  feelingoneself close to others, enhanced empathy,  and is most frequently attributed to the drug, ecstasy or MDMA.??  A reduction in feelings of hostility towards others and an increased sense of personal insight are also reported. When these feelings of being comfortable with others, and with oneself, are  combined with increased feelings of sexual desire and stimulation, enhanced mood, talkativeness, intensification of sensory experience, increased self-confidence  and increased urge to move, it is easy to see how mephedrone  could  become a party and play drug. Indeed, as with ecstasy, the use of mephedrone can easily transfer from the nightclub scene to sex parties. Unfortunately, this also increases the risks to users. Cravings Even shortly after taking mephedrone users to report a strong feeling of  â€˜wanting’ more of  the drug. This mephedrone craving  was  the most frequently reported acute effect of the drug in  one study.??   Further, ‘wanting mephedrone’ was also intensified  when users were actually sober but were thinking about their next mephedrone.   Withdrawal Related Effects Tiredness, insomnia, nasal congestion, and impaired concentration were the most  prevalent  withdrawal-related effects (with nasal congestion the  most intense effect).??

Friday, May 22, 2020

UK Sofa-Bed Market Free Essay Example, 2000 words

Usually, a combination of demographic variables is used to segment the market. According to this segmentation, the consumer wants and abilities change as they age or mature. Gender is also an important variable because men and women have different attitudes and behave differently when it comes to products and buying decisions. Income, another important demographic variable, determines the ability of the consumer to participate in the market exchange. Regarding income, it does not always provide with the accurate segmentation, because there are other factors such as attitudes, values, and lifestyle that affect the buying decisions of the consumer. Social class is another important demographic variable that needs to be taken into consideration while segmenting the market. Social class builds up preferences amongst consumers for different brands and products. Many companies design products and services which cater to specific social classes. Psychographic segmentation is what follows t he important demographic segmentation. Psychographics is the science of using psychology and demographics together to better understand the consumers. Under the psychographic segmentation, consumers are divided into different groups based on the personality traits, lifestyle or values. We will write a custom essay sample on UK Sofa-Bed Market or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Different people will seek different benefits from the same product.

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Jones Blair - Strategic Marketing Management - 1108 Words

This case is discussing the U.S. paint industry and especially the case of Jones Blair Company under the direction of Alexander Barrett. This industry contains almost 600 paints firms and is divided into three broad segments: architectural coatings, original equipment manufacturing coatings, and special-purpose coatings where each segment serves a specific need. Jones Blair Company produces and markets architectural paint and original equipment manufacturing coatings under the Jones Blair brand name. In addition to manufacturing a full line of architectural paint, the company sells sundries under Jones Blair brand name but not produced by their firm. Jones Blair Company divided the market, which contains more than 1200 outlets, into†¦show more content†¦He could get information from the internet, friends through word of mouth, advertisements in newspaper or magazines or even on media, from professionals, from retailers. Decide on store: here comes the most important and difficult decision to do. Big stores like WAL-MART may affect the decision taken because of the location, offers, and other factors. Thus, many factors may affect the consumer decision other than the quality and prices. After doing all this analysis, consumer must match his budget with the chosen alternative whether he could purchase it or not. Decide on product: in this step, consumer purchases the chosen alternative. The marketing mix of Jones Blair Company: Price: Jones Blair Company has now the highest prices of paint in this industry. Products: The architectural coatings and the original equipment manufacturing coatings are used for durable goods like automobiles, trucks, transportation equipment, furniture, and fixtures, metal containers and building products, industrial machinery and equipments. Moreover, the company sells sundries such as brushes, rollers, paint removers and thinners. Distribution: Jones Blair Company markets its paint and sundry in over 50 countries in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Louisiana from its plant and headquarters in Dallas, Texas. The company distributesShow MoreRelatedJones-Blair Case Anaylsis1598 Words   |  7 PagesTierha Jones Thursday, July 26, 2012 Jones-Blair Company Case Analysis Graduate Marketing Class Snell Jones-Blair Company Case Analysis Strategic Issues and Problems: The Jones Blair Company competes in a 50-county area throughout Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Louisiana. Their major business and financial center is located in eleven county Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan areas. Jones Blair Company is a privately held corporation that produces and markets paint under the Jones-Blair brandRead MoreUnity And Delta s Situations1530 Words   |  7 Pagesof UNITY Unity is one of the few providers of global shareholder and employee management services in the world. Unity, which has over 8000 employees and a market capitalization of approximately $2bn, administered over 60 million shareholder accounts for over 10,000 corporations in 12 different countries. Unity provided full range of transfer agency services, regular shareholder services, employee share plan management services, branding services, corporate action services and any manner of complexRead MoreRole Of Branding On Consumer Buying Behaviour Among Textile Ghana Fabric Users Essay1090 Words   |  5 PagesAwunyo-Vitor, D. (2014). Assessing the role of branding in the marketing of pharmaceutical products in Ghana: A case of three pharmaceutical companies. African journal of business management. vol 8(13): 502-510: doi: 10.5897/AJBM2013.7297 Artz, K.W., Norman, P.M., Hatfield, D.E. and Cardinal, L.B., (2010) â€Å"A longitudinal Study of the Impact of RD, Patents, and Product innovation on form Performance†, Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 27, no.5, pp. 725–740. Doi:10.1111/j.540-5885.2010.00747Read MoreAnalyzing the Decision Making Process2190 Words   |  9 Pagestendency to †¦make specific inferences on the basis of an overall impression, Rosenzweig explains on page 8 of his peer-reviewed article. Psychologist Edward Thorndike originated the halo effect in 1920, and this is not an effect that is limited to marketing; in fact the halo effect is to be found in a number of walks of life, Rosenzweig continues. I had an impression that the jewelry I was wearing brought so many smiles and positive comments from women that my impression was very positive and motivatedRead MoreMarketing Management Strategy of L’oreal Groups2776 Words   |  12 PagesMarketing Management Strategy of L ’Oreal Groups Introduction Many cosmetic brands are popping up recently, perhaps, due to the increasing consumers of products that beautify and enhance the physical appearance of a person. Even though the market is already full of the said cosmetic brands, the company L’Oreal Groups could still be considered as the leading supplier of cosmetics and hair-color. This study is a brief overview of the marketing concepts and strategy of the said company. The companyRead MoreIkea Strategic Position3791 Words   |  16 PagesStrategic Management 1 | Assignment 2 | The purpose of this paper is to conduct a position analysis of the IKEA Corporation. It presents a profile of the company operations, identifies its strategic issues and challenges and analyses strategies which it has contributed to it gaining a competitive advantage. | | WORD COUNT: 3139 STUDENT ID | 8/26/2011 | | INTRODUCTION IKEA is a privately held, international home products company that designs and sellsRead MoreSolution Manual, Test Bank and Instructor Manuals34836 Words   |  140 PagesFirst Book of C++, 4th Edition_Gary J. Bronson (SM+TB+IM) A First Course in the Finite Element Method, 5th Edition_Daryl L. Logan (SM) A First Course in the Finite Element Method, SI Version, 5th Edition_ Daryl L. Logan (SM) A Framework for Marketing Management, 4E_Philip R Kotler,Kevin Lane Keller (TB) A Friendly Introduction to Numerical Analysis,Brian Bradie (ISM) A Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards, 3rd Edition_Belverd E. Needles, Marian Powers (SM+TB) A Guide to ModernRead MoreThe News Corporation - Strategic Analysis7537 Words   |  31 PagesCase 2 The News Corporation Case 2 Strategic Management in the Media The News Corporation Leeuwarden March 23, 2011 Content Executive Summary 4 Introduction 1 1. What where the most important occurrences in the past and how did the new corporation adjust to the new situation? 2 1.1 Key historical developments and recent developments 2 1.2 Recent developments 3 1.3 Historical analysis 5 2. What are the global and corporate strategies ensuring a successful developmentRead MoreExpansion of the Spanish Clothing Retailer Zara in5051 Words   |  21 Pagescountry and the competition of the current clothing lines available in the market.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In order to solve such complexities, the solution is to implement strategic marketing approach in terms of advertisement and promotion to make the target market become aware of the existence of the product in the marketplace. In addition, strategic market planning can also be attributed as a better solution to ensure that the product will be introduced effectively. The only problem that is unsolved is toRead MoreMedical Tourism22177 Words   |  89 Pages.......... 5 Chapter Summary.................................................................................... 6 Introduction ................................................................................................. 7 Traditional strategic management ........................................................ 7 The services sector .............................................................................. 7 Criticism of Porter’s Five Forces ............................... ..............

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

List of lessons learnt from Assignment Free Essays

Especially for two people in a very small team. At beginning to estimate time frame for the whole project, the team based on own experience, which is very shallow, to give time frame for whole project. I knew that it should not be done by this way because the risk probability is very high. We will write a custom essay sample on List of lessons learnt from Assignment or any similar topic only for you Order Now 3. The Quality Plan is very important. It sets an assurance for the project. I did not clearly understand the Quality Plan until I do he dry-run of the assignment 3 and get the helpful feedback. After that I did research for this and realize that for every Sprint in this project, the processes of handle the Quality are really not Just about testing. List of lessons learnt from Assignment 3: give time trame tor whole project. I knew that it should not be done by this way How to estimate time trame tor the whole project using the on technical presentation. Atter the dry-run, the team tound out that t handle the Quality are really not Just about testing. How to cite List of lessons learnt from Assignment, Papers

List of lessons learnt from Assignment Free Essays

Especially for two people in a very small team. At beginning to estimate time frame for the whole project, the team based on own experience, which is very shallow, to give time frame for whole project. I knew that it should not be done by this way because the risk probability is very high. We will write a custom essay sample on List of lessons learnt from Assignment or any similar topic only for you Order Now 3. The Quality Plan is very important. It sets an assurance for the project. I did not clearly understand the Quality Plan until I do he dry-run of the assignment 3 and get the helpful feedback. After that I did research for this and realize that for every Sprint in this project, the processes of handle the Quality are really not Just about testing. List of lessons learnt from Assignment 3: give time trame tor whole project. I knew that it should not be done by this way How to estimate time trame tor the whole project using the on technical presentation. Atter the dry-run, the team tound out that t handle the Quality are really not Just about testing. How to cite List of lessons learnt from Assignment, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

What Is Culture Essays (599 words) - Anthropology,

What Is Culture? What is Culture? With a diverse population existing in the United States today, our country is a melting pot of different cultures, each one unique in its own respect. Culture, distinguishing one societal group from another, includes beliefs, behaviors, language, traditions, art, fashion styles, food, religion, politics, and economic systems. Through lifelong and ever changing processes of learning, creativity, and sharing, culture shapes our patterns of behavior and thinking. A cultures significance is so profound that it touches almost every aspect of who and what we are. Culture becomes the lens through which we perceive and evaluate what is going on around us (Henslin, 1993). Trying to define the complex term of culture with varying elements of distinguishable characteristics is a difficult task. Perhaps, a description of a culture would be easier to explain. For instance, an Iranian woman has just appeared in your office for services and it is immediately evident that her culture is very different than yours. First, her dark colored clothing covers her entire body from head to toe, including a black veil over her face. Secondly, as she speaks, a cultural difference is detected in both, her language and gestures. Her accent and the non-visible facial expressions create a barrier for comprehending the communication. Later, as the service for the woman progresses, her beliefs, values, and norms of her culture are dispelled. For example, in order for the woman to show her face to another male in public, she must first request permission from her husband to unveil. During further discussion, it becomes even more apparent, that this Iranian woman is subservien t and possesses a lower level of status than that of Iranian males. All of these characteristics are indicative of this womans culture. As conveyed in the above description, the characteristics represent the unique symbols of ones culture. Symbols, in representative form of communication, art, expressions, materials, and so on, allow a cultural group to develop complex thoughts and to exchange those thoughts with each other. Through the exchanging of symbols, ones cultural ideas, beliefs, and values, are passed on from one generation to the next. People are not born with culture; they have to learn it. Throughout the development of the entire life span, culture is learned from the society in which we live. Furthermore, in the diverse population of the United States, ethnic groups or societies will have to interact with other groups outside the realm of their individual self. In order to do so, it is necessary for the societies to exchange languages, ideas, or even, technology. In addition, the changing environments of the world population requires a need for cultural adaptation for basic survival. For example, a move from the United States, where basic resources are plentiful, to Russia, where the resources are scarce, would force an adaptation to the cultural differences in order to develop a new lifestyle. In conclusion, culture defines who we are, how we think, and how we behave. Some kinds of culture are include better means of making life securer than others. Cultural traits that offer some advantages, utility, or even pleasures are sought and accepted by societies. According to a prominent anthropologist, Culture is contagious. A culture is a means to an end: the security and continuity of life. (Britannica.com, p.12). References Henslin, J. (1993). Sociology: a down to earth approach. Needham Heights: Simon & Schuster, Inc. Introduction to culture. Britannica Encyclopedia. Retrieved Sept. 8, 2000 from the World Wide Web: http://www.britannica.com/bcom/ed/article/6/0,5716,118246+12+109857,00.html Sociology

Friday, March 20, 2020

Research Paper Final Draft

Research Paper Final Draft Research Paper Final Draft Maria Flemming Ms. Stanek Honors English 10 12 January 2011 Smoking Bans: A Necessity Last year, tobacco consumption was blamed for fifty billion dollars in direct health care costs by anti-smoking organizations as well as one hundred billion dollars that was lost in productivity (Parrish). The smoking bans that have already been implemented help everything from the natural environment to the smokers themselves. Secondhand smoking is breathing the smoke from another person’s cigarettes, or breathing the smoke that the smoker exhales (Bailey, Sprague). Secondhand smoke greatly affects children and can cause them to develop permanent health problems. Adults are also affected; thousands of adults die each year because of the dangerous, but preventable effects of secondhand smoke. It might seem that smoking bans would drive some people away from businesses, but in fact, the opposite is true (Bailey, Sprague). All over the world, groups have been working to decrease smoking in public places. Smoking bans should be implemented in publ ic places because both the general population and businesses are in favor of the bans. This is because of the many negative health effects associated with secondhand smoke. First of all, smoking bans have already started to help. After Ireland passed several smoking bans, the amount of nicotine and carbon monoxide in the air decreased by more than eighty percent (â€Å"Europe†). In 2003, New York City was one of the first cities to ban public smoking; according to a study conducted by the Health Department, the improvement in air quality was almost immediate (Isralowitz). Alex Rich states in his article that, â€Å" Many smokers who are trying to quit have found that bans have aided in this effort by 'de-normalizing' the behavior and limiting the places they are allowed to light up. In fact, smoking bans have resulted in decreased tobacco consumption in some areas by as much as 10 percent† (Rich, Griswold). Therefore, bans help smokers to become healthier by decreasing the amount of smoking they can do. There are an overwhelming number of negative effects when people smoke in public places. Children are the most affected by secondhand smoke. In 2009, statistics showed that more women are smoking and as many as seven-hundred million children are exposed to secondhand smoke each year (Bailey, Sprague). Children and infants are greatly affected because their body systems are not yet fully developed (Rich, Griswold). For instance, one effect of secondhand smoke exposure is fluid building up in the middle ear, which causes a middle ear infection (Parrish). The biggest reason children are hospitalized each year is because of middle ear infections (Parrish). Secondhand smoke also affects a child’s teeth (Bailey, Sprague). According to the Academy of General Dentistry, children that breathe secondhand smoke regularly develop their permanent teeth about four months later than children not exposed to the smoke (Parrish). Even if someone only breathes a small amount of secondhand smoke at one time, the risk of developing heart disease increases by twenty-five to thirty percent (Isralowitz). Because the bodie s of young people are still forming, people under the age of eighteen are not permitted to buy cigarettes (Bailey, Sprague). If a young person smokes, it can permanently damage their lungs and cause pneumonia, asthma, and bronchitis (Rich and Griswold). Secondhand smoke is also related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) (Isralowitz). If a woman is exposed to secondhand smoke while she is pregnant, her child is more likely to show symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), than a child that was not exposed the chemicals in secondhand smoke (Parrish). Approximately 150,000 to 300,000 children also develop lower respiratory tract infections because of the smoke (Parrish). A good reason to ban smoking in public places is to keep children safe. In many of the same ways,